APC: "Area Plan Commission"
The Grant County Area Plan Commission is a 13-member board established in accordance with Indiana Code (I.C.) 36-7-4-200, 36-7-4-300 and 36-7-4-400. The APC has the authority to adopt and amend zoning and subdivision regulations, specifically including, but not limited to, regulations regarding planned unit development, subdivision plats and services plans for special districts, and animal feeding operations. The Area Plan Commission generally meets the first Monday of the month. Filing deadlines are the middle of the prior month. Please contact the Area Plan office at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
BZA: “Board of Zoning Appeals”
The Board of Zoning Appeals is a 7-member body established under Indiana Code (I.C.) 36-7-4-900 responsible for hearing appeals, from individuals who are requesting special exceptions or variances from County Ordinances in regard to land use, building requirements, or from individuals who are questioning the appropriateness of orders made by County officials. It is the Board’s goal to treat all individuals fairly and courteously. Each appeal is heard and decided on its own merit. Board meetings are generally the first Monday of the month and the filing deadline for a meeting is in the middle of the prior month. Please contact the Area Plan office at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
Certificate of Occupancy
A certificate of occupancy (or COO) is issued at the completion of a project following a final inspection by the Area Plan staff that shows that work has been completed and meets state and local codes.
CDR: "Commercial Design Release"
The State of Indiana, through its Department of Homeland Security, requires a commercial design release (CDR) for construction or remodeling of buildings for business use, which will involve either: entrance into and/or use of the building by the public, employees on the site, or three or more tenants. The release should be obtained before construction begins. For more information, contact Area Plan at 765-668-4765 or the Department of Homeland Security at www.in.gov/dhs.
A comprehensive plan is necessary for communities who wish to create and enforce zoning ordinance (I.C. 36-7-4-603). A comprehensive plan in the State of Indiana must have at least the
(1) A statement of objectives for the future development of the
(2) A statement of policy for the land use development of the
(3) A statement of policy for the development of public ways,
public places, public lands, public structures, and public
Often the plans include more detail and consider a variety of community characteristics which can include, but are not limited to: land use, transportation; utilities, economic development, education, parks and recreation, trails, etc. Preparing a comprehensive plan is usually done through the planning department with the oversight of the Area Plan Commission.
The zoning ordinance is the land use guide for the County and can be accessed through this website. The land use table, which is a separate link on the website, lists what types of uses are permitted or not permitted in individual zoning districts. An X on the land use table means it is permitted; an S means it is permitted through a special exception obtained through the Board of Zoning Appeals, and a blank box means a particular use is not permitted. For clarification and to make sure the information on the website is current, please contact the Area Plan office at 765-668-4765.
ICC - International Code Council
IRC - International Residential Code
IBC - International Building Code
The International Code Council (ICC) is an organization dedicted to creating a set of codes that can be used for constructing safe and habitable buildings for use internationally. The ICC and IBC are used by most states, including Indiana, as the basis for their building laws, which are in turn referenced by counties like Grant County in their local building laws. The IRC and the IBC represent the foundation of the code requirements used by Grant County in conducting building inspections on projects for which permits are issued.
GFCI - "Ground fault circuit interrupter"
GFCI refers to an outlet that has a safety release in the event a circuit is overloaded or shorted.
Improvement Location Permit;
In Grant County, all permits are issued as ILP's, or improvement location permits. These include the "building permits," which are in other places are issued as separate permits because, in part, the building department is separate from the planning department. In short, ILP's refer to way a site is improved or used; a building permit refers specifically to the structure being built or altered. For clarification, please contact Area Plan at 765-668-4765.
Setbacks, sometime known as building lines, are the distances on a property a structure must be away from the front, site or rear property lines. Front setbacks in Grant County depend on the zoning district while the side setbacks are 10% of the width of the front yard. Rear setbacks depend on whether the building is a principal residence or an accessory building. If you want to build closer to the property line than the setback line, you will need to get a variance from the Board of Zoning Appeals. Contact Area Plan at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
Special exceptions are land uses that may be considered in certain zoning districts that differ from the specific uses identified for that zone. To get a special exception, a property owner needs to petition the Board of Zoning Appeals. Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
A variance is request for deviation from an established developed standard identified in the zoning code. Common variance requests include building structures closer to the property line than allowed, building a second residence on one piece of property, or building a structure on a parcel of land without a principal residence when the zoning district requires it. Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
A property split entails splitting a single parcel into two or more parcels. Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
If you know of a term(s) that should be referenced in this list please contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
GIS - "Geographic Information System"
GIS is the mapping system used by the various county departments in daily activities. The GIS is done through a program called Elevate, which is provided by a company called 39 Degrees. The GIS can be used by anybody and accessed through the County website. Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
A floodplain is land or an area along a river, stream or coast subject to flooding during what is known as a 100-year flood, or 1% chance flood. Floodways are the channel of a river or watercourse that must be reserved to efficiently discharge the base flood during a flood event. Construction today is generally prohibited in floodways. Construction in floodplains is discouraged and needs to be built to specific standards for a property owner to get federally backed flood insurance from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Floodways and floodplains are identified on the Grant County GIS. Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.
A manufactured home or office unit is generally a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is built on a permanent chassis and is designed for use with or without a permanent foundation when attached to the required utilities. The term "manufactured home" does not include a "recreational vehicle." Contact the Area Plan department at 765-668-4765 for more detailed information.